One common definition of a ‘weaving shuttle’ is that it is an appliance which holds the weft, and which can be passed or thrown through the shed in the warp. These are a few from my collection.
Stick or Poke Shuttle
Boat shuttles were the first type of shuttle that unwound in a continuous and automatic manner. The boat shuttle has a spool or bobbin rotating freely on a fixed spindle. The shape, size and weight of the shuttle vary and should be chosen with the weavers needs in mind. Currently two styles are most prevalent, open bottom and closed bottom, there is little difference in the performance and is strictly preference. There is little doubt that a boat shuttle loaded with a bobbin increases your efficiency because you don’t need to unload the yarn at every pick. Boat shuttles are excellent for looms with shuttle races like table looms and floor looms. The quality of the weaving bears heavily on how well the bobbin is loaded.
To wind a bobbin you fill up each end of the bobbin in turn, close to the inside of the bobbins ends. Then you run the yarn back and forth across the centre of the bobbin evenly, right up onto the ends which have already been filled. Lastly you create a small hump in the centre of the bobbin. Filling the bobbins evenly like this stops the yarn from tugging and giving you ‘mouse nibbles’ at the selvedges.
A helpful hint is to extend the slit on the side of the shuttle, it should be the length of the bobbin. This decreases the angle that the weft is released of the bobbin, which helps to even the tension that the weft is released from the shuttle.
Double Boat Shuttle
End-Delivery or End-Feed Shuttles
Pirns are loaded differently from bobbins; they are wound from the large end toward the narrow end, decreasing in volume as you go along the pirn. You can never backtrack more than a half inch or so while filling a pirn or the yarn will not unwind correctly. Here is an old post on how to wind a pirn.
Netting Needle or Netting Shuttles
weaving bookmarks, five patterns at the same time on the loom. They are loaded by pressing the centre and popping the spool open, then winding the yarn around the centre. Clicking the E-Z-Bob closes secures the yarn in place and they must be manually unwound for each pick.
That's it, it is amazing all the different shuttles that are out there.